By Gabrielle V. Novacek
On January 29, 2005, the Oriental Institute celebrated the legit public beginning of the Haas and Schwartz Megiddo Gallery. This celebration marked the go back of a few of the main outstanding artifacts ever excavated within the southern Levant to everlasting public demonstrate. The Oriental Institute's prolific historical past of exploration within the area is testomony to a long-standing scholarly ardour for discovery and the pursuit of data. This quantity attracts from the momentum generated via the hole of the Megiddo Gallery and provides a variety of highlights from the Institute's better Israel assortment.
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Extra resources for Ancient Israel: Highlights from the Collections of the Oriental Institute, University of Chicago (Oriental Institute Museum Publications)
1600–1400 BC). The hallmark feature of the Chocolate-on-White pottery, first described in Sir Flinders Petrie’s accounts of his excavations at Tell el-‘Ajjul in the 1930s, is its excellent surface finish. The exterior of the vessel was given a highly burnished and uniform creamy white slip and then chocolatebrown geometric pattern decoration was painted over top of this base. Chocolate-on-White decoration typically appears on a variety of bowl forms and kraters, as well as jugs like this example from Megiddo.
In figurine form, Ba‘al was frequently rendered in this characteristic smiting pose, striding forward with one arm raised and tall crown on his head. It is important to note that the word “ba‘al” also served as a general northwest Semitic honorific meaning “lord” and was in turn assigned to any number of deities and even human officials. There is textual evidence for numerous gods referred to as “Ba‘al,” often specified by city, region, or other geographic reference. Many scholars believe that individual communities may have revered their own patron Ba‘al and his corresponding female consort.
Large fortified Early Bronze Age centers like Megiddo contracted and became small, unfortified village settlements. Egypt saw a similar decline at this time and entered into the First Intermediate Period. Debating whether this 300-year-long period of decline has more in common with the preceding Early Bronze Age or succeeding Middle Bronze Age, scholars have given it several names, including the Early Bronze IV, Middle Bronze I, and the compromise Early Bronze IV / Middle Bronze I. edu ancient israel Formerly, many scholars believed that the collapse in urban culture at this time was the result of a massive migration of semi-nomadic tribes from Syria known as Amorites.
Ancient Israel: Highlights from the Collections of the Oriental Institute, University of Chicago (Oriental Institute Museum Publications) by Gabrielle V. Novacek