By John Sheail
Environmental background has grown apace seeing that 1970. The publication breaks new flooring in illustrating how probably the most urgent matters got here to be well-known, and a reaction made. Policymaking is reviewed in the wider context of a transforming into wisdom at the a part of govt and company of the function of environmental concerns in wealth production and social wellness.
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From very hesitant beginnings, Stewart began to develop a partnership between central and local agencies. New, corporatestyle agencies were formed to spearhead fresh industrial development, and most famously the new trading estates in the Teme valley near Gateshead, Treforest in Pontypridd, and Hillington, Glasgow. Individually, and when taken together, they were a symbol of a qualitative change in State intervention. But as anticipated by Government, their impact on the employment situation was minimal (Ward 1988, pp.
In a paper, ‘The Place of Science in Town and Country Planning’, the geographer, L. Dudley Stamp, sought to put such scheme-making in context. As he emphasised, the face of Britain bore striking evidence of earlier planning, both in its rural landscapes and city streets and housing. It had been undertaken for the most part by large landowners. By the Second World War, many such estates had been broken up or impoverished. Some 5 million householders owned their property. Whilst this meant a much larger proportion of the population had a direct stake in land, there was, in Stamp’s words, a need ‘to learn to work together for the common good’.
For them, the obvious course was to build ‘artificial’ treatment works. It was also realised that the changes wrought by passing sewage through the soil arose not so much from filtration, but from the decomposition caused by the action of microscopic organisms. Such observations had already encouraged the County Boroughs of Leeds and Sheffield to experiment with a cheap filler for artificial filters, which would encourage such organisms, and a mode of operation that ensured there was a sufficient period of rest for the oxidising properties to be renewed (Sheail 1997a).
An Environmental History of Twentieth-Century Britain by John Sheail