By Tara Chand and Ravi Prakash
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Extra info for Advanced Education Psychology
Advances recently made in the control of the learning process, Skinner believes, suggest that classroom practices should be thoroughly revised. What are the Relevant Considerations in Conditioning— Teaching—a Child? In order to plan a procedure for inculcating certain desired behaviour in a child, certain specific questions need to be answered: (1) What behaviour is to be established? (2) What reinforcers are available? (3) What responses are available? (4) How can reinforcements be most efficiently scheduled?
But there is no reason to suppose that the rules of reflection will not continue to evolve as mankind gains more experience. We list some of the more important of these rules together with some needed qualifications. 1. Whenever one insight or conclusion is accepted in preference to another, it is presumed that reasons exist for its acceptance. The grounds for acceptance may be scant, but as long as they are better than the grounds any competing insight can offer, they justify its tentative acceptance.
If the answer is wrong, the knob will not turn. A counter may be added to tally wrong answers. The knob must then be reversed slightly and a second attempt at a right answer made. (Unlike the flash card, the device reports a wrong answer without giving the right answer). When the answer is right, a further turn of the knob engages a clutch which moves the next problem into place in the window. This movement cannot be completed, however, until the sliders have been returned to zero. What are the Advantages of the Use of Mechanical Teaching Devices?
Advanced Education Psychology by Tara Chand and Ravi Prakash