By Michael Scott-Baumann
This booklet explores and analyzes the background of clash within the heart East from British rule within the early 20th century to the Iraq warfare within the twenty-first century. The Arab-Israeli clash is the focus of this ebook however it additionally examines: Arab nationalism, specifically in Egypt and Syria; the Islamic revolution in Iran in 1979; the reasons and outcomes of 3 wars related to Iraq; the expansion of political Islam and Islamic fundamentalism within the heart East.
Throughout the ebook, key dates, phrases and matters are highlighted, and old interpretations of key debates are defined. precis diagrams are incorporated to consolidate wisdom and knowing of the interval, and exam-style questions and advice written through examiners give you the chance to enhance examination talents.
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Additional info for Access to History. Crisis in the Middle East: Israel and the Arab States 1945-2007
Furthermore, the Arab Legion remained neutral when the Israelis fought Egyptian forces and did not join in support of Egyptian forces in the second and third phases of the war. In other words, the army from Transjordan invaded what was to be the new Arab state but it never invaded Jewish, Israeli territory. Its aim was to gain control of most of Arab Palestine (on the western side of the river Jordan), which it did, but not to destroy the state of Israel. Israel was able to exploit its understanding with Transjordan in order to break the chain of hostile Arab states, deepen the divisions in the Arab coalition and pick off its Arab opponents one by one.
Parts of the West Bank are very fertile, especially in the river valley. EGYPT Cairo Sharm el-Sheikh Gul f of A qaba Eilat Sinai – a large area of Egyptian territory. It is mostly a desert. Very few people live here. On the western side is the Suez Canal and to the south-east is the Gulf of Aqaba. Golan Heights – an area of high ground which dominates much of northern Israel and the route to the Syrian capital, Damascus. Between 1948 and 1967 the Syrians held the heights. Most of the 100,000 Syrian inhabitants fled during the fighting.
He believed the ﬁrst part of this battle had now been won with the removal of the King’s government. e. British) troops. In 1954 Nasser became president and, after long discussions, he persuaded the British to withdraw their troops from the Suez Canal zone. Britain, like the USA, still wished to keep on good terms with Nasser. They wanted Arab support in the Middle East against the Soviet Union. They wanted an alliance with Egypt as it was the strongest, most developed Arab nation and because the Suez Canal passed through its territory.
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