By Kerry Kuehn
This booklet offers a chronological advent to the sciences of astronomy and cosmology in keeping with the interpreting and research of important choices from vintage texts, corresponding to Ptolemy’s The Almagest, Kepler’s Epitome of Copernican Astronomy, Shapley’s Galaxies and Lemaître’s The Primeval Atom.
Each bankruptcy starts off with a brief advent through a interpreting choice. rigorously crafted learn questions draw out key issues within the textual content and concentration the reader’s cognizance at the author’s equipment, research, and conclusions. Numerical and observational workouts on the finish of every bankruptcy try out the reader’s skill to appreciate and practice key innovations from the text.
The Heavens and the Earth is the 1st of 4 volumes in A Student’s consultant in the course of the nice Physics Texts. This publication grew out of a four-semester undergraduate physics curriculum designed to motivate a severe and circumspect method of usual technology, whereas whilst getting ready scholars for complicated coursework in physics.
This booklet is especially appropriate as a college-level textbook for college students of the ordinary sciences, historical past or philosophy. It additionally serves as a textbook for complex high-school scholars, or as a thematically-organized source-book for students and stimulated lay-readers. In learning the vintage clinical texts integrated herein, the reader might be drawn towards a life of contemplation.
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Extra resources for A Student's Guide Through the Great Physics Texts: Volume I: The Heavens and The Earth
The movements of the sun and moon are fewer than those of some of the planets. Yet these planets are farther from the centre and thus nearer to the primary body than they, as observation has itself revealed. For we have seen the moon, halffull, pass beneath the planet Mars, which vanished on its shadow side and came forth by the bright and shining part. Similar accounts of other stars are given by the Egyptians and Babylonians, whose observations have been kept for very many years past, and from whom much of our evidence about particular stars is derived.
That both should be at rest is impossible; for, if the earth is at rest, the hypothesis does not account for the observations; and we take it as granted that the earth is at rest. It remains either that both are moved, or that the one is moved and the other at rest. 2. e. that the pace of every star is that of the circle in which it moves. e. traversed its own circumference, at one and the same moment. But it is difficult to conceive that the pace of each star should be exactly proportioned to the size of its circle.
3 Study Questions Ques. 1 What is the shape of the heavens? a) How does Aristotle classify plane figures? What shape does he rank as the first, or of the highest priority? And how do the notions of completeness, divisibility and number figure into his ranking? b) What does all this have to do with the shape of the heavens? Is Aristotle justified in relating figures and bodies in this way? c) What does the circular motion of the heavens imply about its shape? In particular, why does he say the heavens cannot be egg-shaped or lens-shaped?
A Student's Guide Through the Great Physics Texts: Volume I: The Heavens and The Earth by Kerry Kuehn