By Brynjar Lia
This ebook lines the evolution of the Palestinian police and defense forces, starting with its historic antecedents in Lebanon and the occupied territories, and the formation of formal police firms after the Oslo Accords till the outbreak of the second one Intifada in September 2000. The background of the Palestinian Police revolves round the primary query of ways a countrywide police strength should be created and operated with no the framework of an self reliant kingdom. except delivering a much more targeted and actual account of the Palestinian Police heritage than prior works, the learn additionally offers particular perception into the issues and dilemmas of policing by means of non-state actors in struggle torn societies. The research lines the institution and enlargement of the Palestinian police and protection forces with a spotlight on PLO efforts at recruiting, education and increasing the strength, its political context, institutional improvement, and dilemmas of 'non-state' policing within the context of the political-military clash with Israel. in line with a bunch of recent unpublished assets, spanning from Palestinian Authority records, inner Palestinian Police guides, a different entry to the files of the Norwegian international Ministry (which chaired crucial police coordination committees), and a really thorough overview of hundreds of thousands of Arab, Israeli and foreign press, the current examine supplies a special perception right into a hitherto uncharted territory in modern Palestinian and center jap background. This publication can be of worthy curiosity to scholars, researchers and practitioners within the box of defense area reform and overseas police suggestions.
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Additional resources for A Police Force Without a State: A History of the Palestinian Security Forces in the West Bank And Gaza
Popular norms in war-torn societies are often in strong conflict with both national legislation and international human rights standards. The legacy of war has usually produced vociferous demands for summary retribution against criminals and wartime collaborators. 64 Also, reforming the police does not automatically translate into lower levels of crime and violence. In fact, the opposite seems true. 65 The effectiveness versus constitutionalism dilemma illustrates broader peacebuilding and state-building dilemmas facing societies emerging from violent conflict.
54 Reiner (1992), p. 5. Quoted in Wright and Mawby (1999), p. 338. 55 Berdal (1996), p. 57. 56 Wright and Mawby (1999), pp. 338, 340. 57 The balance between government control and police independence is a fine one. In democratic countries, the government usually has a role in (a) the police’s financial accountability, (b) the legislative basis of its formal accountability procedures and (c) the appointment of the chief of police, but the government should not have operational control. Although the independence of the police as a body is to be valued, strong police independence may itself create a policing problem.
23 The ‘Fakahani State’ in Lebanon, 1969–82 The Palestinian guerrilla state in Lebanon, the so-called ‘Fakahani State’ (named after a West Beirut city quarter where the PLO had its headquarters) who was hitherto the most extensive and state-like territorial entity under Palestinian control. Its origin went back to the late 1960s when the tight surveillance and control exercised by the Lebanese police and military intelligence (the Deuxième Bureau) over the Palestinian refugee camps was gradually weakened in the face of fierce resistance from an increasing number of Palestinian guerrillas.
A Police Force Without a State: A History of the Palestinian Security Forces in the West Bank And Gaza by Brynjar Lia