By Peter Gordon, Denis Lawton

ISBN-10: 0713040416

ISBN-13: 9780713040418

There are numerous points of an schooling process that in basic terms make feel if we all know how that method has constructed through the years. a part of this comes from realizing how associations have replaced, however it is additionally vital to appreciate how principles in schooling have developed.
This ebook discusses the continual improvement of academic suggestion over 3 millennia. the focal point upon the background of rules during this quantity is in part an try and movement background of schooling clear of an procedure in line with 'great males' to technological, financial and political impacts on principles and ideology. It reports many matters, starting from the needs of schooling from the earliest instances, to the problem of postmodernism within the current century. The authors supply an obtainable and thought-provoking advisor to the tutorial rules that underlie perform.

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At around the age of 1 6 the major subject became rhetoric, either with a private tutor or in a school of some kind. At this point Roman education was much indebted to Greek tradition and also to teachers who were often Greek and taught in Greek, despite the protests of conservative Romans such as Cato who objected to that kind of foreign influence. In 1 6 1 AD the Senate even attempted to ban foreign philosophers and rhetoricians but not for very long. The later emperors, Hadrian, for example, set up scholarships to encourage the teaching of rhetoric.

Meanwhile Constantinople and the Eastern Empire (Byzantium) continued to flourish. Monasticism also developed, preserving traditional religious values and developing new ones. From the fifth century, Roman culture and education were disrupted by barbarian invasions but did not disappear, and in some cases Roman institutions were taken over by the invaders. For example, in Italy the Ostrogoths did not abolish the schools of grammar and rhetoric in Rome, Milan or Ravenna. In Spain and Gaul, schools virtually disappeared but the classical tradition and culture continued into the seventh century.

Uneducated trainee priests had to learn Latin by traditional methods as part of their Christian education. Apart from one book, De Magistro (On the Teacher), which is devoted to an exposition of some basic educational problems in the form of an imaginary dialogue with his son, Augustine's educational ideas are scattered throughout his other writings. De Magistro is partly an enquiry into the origin of our ideas: are these ideas in the mind itself or as a result of an external agency such as sense experiences?

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A History of Western Educational Ideas by Peter Gordon, Denis Lawton

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