By John M. Riddle, Winston Black
This transparent and entire textual content covers the center a while from the classical period to the past due medieval interval. wonderful historian John Riddle presents a cogent research of the rulers, wars, and events—both typical and human—that outlined the medieval period. Taking a wide geographical standpoint, Riddle comprises northern and japanese Europe, Byzantine civilization, and the Islamic states. each one, he convincingly exhibits, provided values and institutions—religious devotion, toleration and intolerance, legislation, methods of considering, and altering roles of women—that presaged modernity. as well as conventional subject matters of pen, sword, and be aware, the writer explores different riding forces resembling technology, faith, and know-how in ways in which earlier textbooks haven't. He additionally examines such often-overlooked concerns as medieval gender roles and drugs and seminal occasions resembling the crusades from the vantage aspect of either Muslims and japanese and western Christians.
In addition to a radical chronological narrative, the textual content bargains humanizing positive factors to have interaction scholars. each one bankruptcy opens with a theme-setting vignette concerning the lives of standard and outstanding humans. The publication additionally introduces scholars to key controversies and issues in historiography by way of that includes in each one bankruptcy a widespread medieval historian and the way his or her rules have formed modern puzzling over the center a long time. Richly illustrated with colour plates, this energetic, enticing e-book will immerse readers within the medieval global, an period that formed the basis for the trendy world.
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Additional info for A History of the Middle Ages, 300-1500
222–235), succeeded him. Morally superior, a better soldier, and a slightly better emperor, Alexander fought against the Persians, who were threatening the eastern part of the Empire. In the west, the Alemanni, a Germanic tribe, pushed across the frontier into Gaul with such force that to this day the French word for Germany is Allemagne. Accompanied by his mother, Alexander went to Mainz and chose to negotiate rather than fight. A disgusted army mutinied and killed the emperor. That year, 235, began the horrible period of the Barracks Emperors.
Replacing him was his colleague and chosen successor, Aurelianus (r. 270–275), who was, like Claudius, an Illyrian soldier from the Balkans. Aurelianus struggled against pretenders who wanted to be emperor and Germanic tribes who wanted to be Romans without acknowledging Rome’s suzerainty. Also, he contended with eastern frontier kings and a queen, the famed Zenobia of Palmyra in Syria. Methodically, skillfully, and patiently, Aurelianus restored Roman control in Gaul. Then he captured Zenobia, who led the local defense against the Persians.
The impact on the empire was disastrous. On their way to Rome, the armies acted reprehensibly, confiscating homes and requisitioning supplies. Cities and agricultural areas suffered as motley armies pushed through them. Taking advantage of this chaos, the Persians and various Germanic tribes attacked the collapsing empire. Military, political, and economic conditions worsened. In the interior, Roman towns responded by building walls as protection against foreign and domestic armies, while frontier towns fortified themselves against enemies, both foreign and domestic.
A History of the Middle Ages, 300-1500 by John M. Riddle, Winston Black