By Steven D. Martinson
Friedrich Schiller isn't simply considered one of Germany's optimal poets. he's additionally one of many significant German participants to global literature. In Germany, Schiller celebrations and commemorations nonetheless play a job within the formation of public opinion, and the timeless phrases he gave to characters resembling Marquis Posa in Don Carlos and Wilhelm inform within the eponymous drama proceed to underscore the necessity for human freedom. Schiller cultivated wish within the actualization of ethical wisdom via aesthetic schooling and significant mirrored image, resulting in his excellent of a extra humane humanity. while, he was once absolutely cognizant of the issues that attend a variety of varieties of idealism. but for Schiller, finally, love continues to be the gravitational middle of the universe and of human life, and past existence and dying pleasure prevails. This selection of state-of-the-art essays via the various world's prime Schiller specialists constitutes a milestone in scholarship that's rather well timed in view of the two hundredth anniversary of the poet's demise in 2005. specific cognizance is given to either the paradigm shifts in Schiller's paintings in its improvement through the years and the indelible imprint of the early writings on his later works. The members additionally stay delicate to the a number of degrees on which the poet used to be operating. the amount contains in-depth discussions of Schiller's significant dramatic and poetic works, his essays on aesthetics, and his actions as historian, anthropologist, and physiologist, in addition to of his relation to the ancients and of Schiller reception in twentieth-century Germany. participants: Steven D. Martinson, Walter Hinderer, David Pugh, Otto Dann, Werner von Stransky-Stranka-Greifenfels, J. M. van der Laan, Rolf-Peter Janz, Lesley Sharpe, Norbert Oellers, Dieter Borchmeyer, Karl S. Guthke, Wulf Koepke.
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Extra info for A Companion to the Works of Friedrich Schiller (Studies in German Literature Linguistics and Culture)
Gott hervorbringen”). It follows that love is the precondition of the possibility of equality with God. It should be noted in this context that in what remains to us of his first dissertation Schiller seems not to continue his discourse on love, which makes use of formulations very similar to the ones in Theosophie des Julius and in the letter to Reinwald that has been quoted. Because only the first chapter of the dissertation is extant, one can only speculate whether, in the third or fourth chapter, Schiller again took up the topic of the great chain of sentient nature (“große Kette der empfindenden Natur,” 8:38).
In the German Enlightenment view of the anthropology and history of the formation of an individual, maturity and the discovery of selfconsciousness are often the names of a single idea. When, in Anmut und Würde, Schiller describes the control of the drives through the moral SCHILLER’S PHILOSOPHICAL AESTHETICS 37 power of higher human capacities, such as freedom of mind (“Geistesfreiheit”) and its expression in appearance as dignity (“Würde”), he is describing a fundamental experience of the philosophy of idealism: the autonomy of the individual.
Every individual and social advancement, therefore, is based on the need for a balance between the fundamental sensual-rational (“sinnliche-vernünftigen”) structure of individual human beings (8:595), the externalization of everything internal and the formal elaboration of everything external. As Schiller states at the end of the pivotal Eleventh Letter, both tasks lead back to the concept of divinity, “in ihrer höchsten Erfüllung gedacht, . . zu dem Begriff der Gottheit zurück, von dem [er] ausgegangen [war]” (8:595).
A Companion to the Works of Friedrich Schiller (Studies in German Literature Linguistics and Culture) by Steven D. Martinson